ault 'all'. * @type string|string[] $type Include comments of a given type, or array of types. * Accepts 'comment', 'pings' (includes 'pingback' and * 'trackback'), or any custom type string. Default empty. * @type string[] $type__in Include comments from a given array of comment types. * Default empty. * @type string[] $type__not_in Exclude comments from a given array of comment types. * Default empty. * @type int $user_id Include comments for a specific user ID. Default empty. * @type bool|string $hierarchical Whether to include comment descendants in the results. * - 'threaded' returns a tree, with each comment's children * stored in a `children` property on the `WP_Comment` object. * - 'flat' returns a flat array of found comments plus * their children. * - Boolean `false` leaves out descendants. * The parameter is ignored (forced to `false`) when * `$fields` is 'ids' or 'counts'. Accepts 'threaded', * 'flat', or false. Default: false. * @type string $cache_domain Unique cache key to be produced when this query is stored in * an object cache. Default is 'core'. * @type bool $update_comment_meta_cache Whether to prime the metadata cache for found comments. * Default true. * @type bool $update_comment_post_cache Whether to prime the cache for comment posts. * Default false. * } */ public function __construct( $query = '' ) { $this->query_var_defaults = array( 'author_email' => '', 'author_url' => '', 'author__in' => '', 'author__not_in' => '', 'include_unapproved' => '', 'fields' => '', 'ID' => '', 'comment__in' => '', 'comment__not_in' => '', 'karma' => '', 'number' => '', 'offset' => '', 'no_found_rows' => true, 'orderby' => '', 'order' => 'DESC', 'paged' => 1, 'parent' => '', 'parent__in' => '', 'parent__not_in' => '', 'post_author__in' => '', 'post_author__not_in' => '', 'post_ID' => '', 'post_id' => 0, 'post__in' => '', 'post__not_in' => '', 'post_author' => '', 'post_name' => '', 'post_parent' => '', 'post_status' => '', 'post_type' => '', 'status' => 'all', 'type' => '', 'type__in' => '', 'type__not_in' => '', 'user_id' => '', 'search' => '', 'count' => false, 'meta_key' => '', 'meta_value' => '', 'meta_query' => '', 'date_query' => null, // See WP_Date_Query. 'hierarchical' => false, 'cache_domain' => 'core', 'update_comment_meta_cache' => true, 'update_comment_post_cache' => false, ); if ( ! empty( $query ) ) { $this->query( $query ); } } /** * Parse arguments passed to the comment query with default query parameters. * * @since 4.2.0 Extracted from WP_Comment_Query::query(). * * @param string|array $query WP_Comment_Query arguments. See WP_Comment_Query::__construct() for accepted arguments. */ public function parse_query( $query = '' ) { if ( empty( $query ) ) { $query = $this->query_vars; } $this->query_vars = wp_parse_args( $query, $this->query_var_defaults ); /** * Fires after the comment query vars have been parsed. * * @since 4.2.0 * * @param WP_Comment_Query $query The WP_Comment_Query instance (passed by reference). */ do_action_ref_array( 'parse_comment_query', array( &$this ) ); } /** * Sets up the WordPress query for retrieving comments. * * @since 3.1.0 * @since 4.1.0 Introduced 'comment__in', 'comment__not_in', 'post_author__in', * 'post_author__not_in', 'author__in', 'author__not_in', 'post__in', * 'post__not_in', 'include_unapproved', 'type__in', and 'type__not_in' * arguments to $query_vars. * @since 4.2.0 Moved parsing to WP_Comment_Query::parse_query(). * * @param string|array $query Array or URL query string of parameters. * @return array|int List of comments, or number of comments when 'count' is passed as a query var. */ public function query( $query ) { $this->query_vars = wp_parse_args( $query ); return $this->get_comments(); } /** * Get a list of comments matching the query vars. * * @since 4.2.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. * * @return int|int[]|WP_Comment[] List of comments or number of found comments if `$count` argument is true. */ public function get_comments() { global $wpdb; $this->parse_query(); // Parse meta query. $this->meta_query = new WP_Meta_Query(); $this->meta_query->parse_query_vars( $this->query_vars ); /** * Fires before comments are retrieved. * * @since 3.1.0 * * @param WP_Comment_Query $query Current instance of WP_Comment_Query (passed by reference). */ do_action_ref_array( 'pre_get_comments', array( &$this ) ); // Reparse query vars, in case they were modified in a 'pre_get_comments' callback. $this->meta_query->parse_query_vars( $this->query_vars ); if ( ! empty( $this->meta_query->queries ) ) { $this->meta_query_clauses = $this->meta_query->get_sql( 'comment', $wpdb->comments, 'comment_ID', $this ); } $comment_data = null; /** * Filters the comments data before the query takes place. * * Return a non-null value to bypass WordPress' default comment queries. * * The expected return type from this filter depends on the value passed * in the request query vars: * - When `$this->query_vars['count']` is set, the filter should return * the comment count as an integer. * - When `'ids' === $this->query_vars['fields']`, the filter should return * an array of comment IDs. * - Otherwise the filter should return an array of WP_Comment objects. * * Note that if the filter returns an array of comment data, it will be assigned * to the `comments` property of the current WP_Comment_Query instance. * * Filtering functions that require pagination information are encouraged to set * the `found_comments` and `max_num_pages` properties of the WP_Comment_Query object, * passed to the filter by reference. If WP_Comment_Query does not perform a database * query, it will not have enough information to generate these values itself. * * @since 5.3.0 * @since 5.6.0 The returned array of comment data is assigned to the `comments` property * of the current WP_Comment_Query instance. * * @param array|int|null $comment_data Return an array of comment data to short-circuit WP's comment query, * the comment count as an integer if `$this->query_vars['count']` is set, * or null to allow WP to run its normal queries. * @param WP_Comment_Query $query The WP_Comment_Query instance, passed by reference. */ $comment_data = apply_filters_ref_array( 'comments_pre_query', array( $comment_data, &$this ) ); if ( null !== $comment_data ) { if ( is_array( $comment_data ) && ! $this->query_vars['count'] ) { $this->comments = $comment_data; } return $comment_data; } /* * Only use the args defined in the query_var_defaults to compute the key, * but ignore 'fields', 'update_comment_meta_cache', 'update_comment_post_cache' which does not affect query results. */ $_args = wp_array_slice_assoc( $this->query_vars, array_keys( $this->query_var_defaults ) ); unset( $_args['fields'], $_args['update_comment_meta_cache'], $_args['update_comment_post_cache'] ); $key = md5( serialize( $_args ) ); $last_changed = wp_cache_get_last_changed( 'comment' ); $cache_key = "get_comments:$key:$last_changed"; $cache_value = wp_cache_get( $cache_key, 'comment-queries' ); if ( false === $cache_value ) { $comment_ids = $this->get_comment_ids(); if ( $comment_ids ) { $this->set_found_comments(); } $cache_value = array( 'comment_ids' => $comment_ids, 'found_comments' => $this->found_comments, ); wp_cache_add( $cache_key, $cache_value, 'comment-queries' ); } else { $comment_ids = $cache_value['comment_ids']; $this->found_comments = $cache_value['found_comments']; } if ( $this->found_comments && $this->query_vars['number'] ) { $this->max_num_pages = (int) ceil( $this->found_comments / $this->query_vars['number'] ); } // If querying for a count only, there's nothing more to do. if ( $this->query_vars['count'] ) { // $comment_ids is actually a count in this case. return (int) $comment_ids; } $comment_ids = array_map( 'intval', $comment_ids ); if ( $this->query_vars['update_comment_meta_cache'] ) { wp_lazyload_comment_meta( $comment_ids ); } if ( 'ids' === $this->query_vars['fields'] ) { $this->comments = $comment_ids; return $this->comments; } _prime_comment_caches( $comment_ids, false ); // Fetch full comment objects from the primed cache. $_comments = array(); foreach ( $comment_ids as $comment_id ) { $_comment = get_comment( $comment_id ); if ( $_comment ) { $_comments[] = $_comment; } } // Prime comment post caches. if ( $this->query_vars['update_comment_post_cache'] ) { $comment_post_ids = array(); foreach ( $_comments as $_comment ) { $comment_post_ids[] = $_comment->comment_post_ID; } _prime_post_caches( $comment_post_ids, false, false ); } /** * Filters the comment query results. * * @since 3.1.0 * * @param WP_Comment[] $_comments An array of comments. * @param WP_Comment_Query $query Current instance of WP_Comment_Query (passed by reference). */ $_comments = apply_filters_ref_array( 'the_comments', array( $_comments, &$this ) ); // Convert to WP_Comment instances. $comments = array_map( 'get_comment', $_comments ); if ( $this->query_vars['hierarchical'] ) { $comments = $this->fill_descendants( $comments ); } $this->comments = $comments; return $this->comments; } /** * Used internally to get a list of comment IDs matching the query vars. * * @since 4.4.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. * * @return int|array A single count of comment IDs if a count query. An array of comment IDs if a full query. */ protected function get_comment_ids() { global $wpdb; // Assemble clauses related to 'comment_approved'. $approved_clauses = array(); // 'status' accepts an array or a comma-separated string. $status_clauses = array(); $statuses = wp_parse_list( $this->query_vars['status'] ); // Empty 'status' should be interpreted as 'all'. if ( empty( $statuses ) ) { $statuses = array( 'all' ); } // 'any' overrides other statuses. if ( ! in_array( 'any', $statuses, true ) ) { foreach ( $statuses as $status ) { switch ( $status ) { case 'hold': $status_clauses[] = "comment_approved = '0'"; break; case 'approve': $status_clauses[] = "comment_approved = '1'"; break; case 'all': case '': $status_clauses[] = "( comment_approved = '0' OR comment_approved = '1' )"; break; default: $status_clauses[] = $wpdb->prepare( 'comment_approved = %s', $status ); break; } } if ( ! empty( $status_clauses ) ) { $approved_clauses[] = '( ' . implode( ' OR ', $status_clauses ) . ' )'; } } // User IDs or emails whose unapproved comments are included, regardless of $status. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['include_unapproved'] ) ) { $include_unapproved = wp_parse_list( $this->query_vars['include_unapproved'] ); foreach ( $include_unapproved as $unapproved_identifier ) { // Numeric values are assumed to be user IDs. if ( is_numeric( $unapproved_identifier ) ) { $approved_clauses[] = $wpdb->prepare( "( user_id = %d AND comment_approved = '0' )", $unapproved_identifier ); } else { // Otherwise we match against email addresses. if ( ! empty( $_GET['unapproved'] ) && ! empty( $_GET['moderation-hash'] ) ) { // Only include requested comment. $approved_clauses[] = $wpdb->prepare( "( comment_author_email = %s AND comment_approved = '0' AND {$wpdb->comments}.comment_ID = %d )", $unapproved_identifier, (int) $_GET['unapproved'] ); } else { // Include all of the author's unapproved comments. $approved_clauses[] = $wpdb->prepare( "( comment_author_email = %s AND comment_approved = '0' )", $unapproved_identifier ); } } } } // Collapse comment_approved clauses into a single OR-separated clause. if ( ! empty( $approved_clauses ) ) { if ( 1 === count( $approved_clauses ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['approved'] = $approved_clauses[0]; } else { $this->sql_clauses['where']['approved'] = '( ' . implode( ' OR ', $approved_clauses ) . ' )'; } } $order = ( 'ASC' === strtoupper( $this->query_vars['order'] ) ) ? 'ASC' : 'DESC'; // Disable ORDER BY with 'none', an empty array, or boolean false. if ( in_array( $this->query_vars['orderby'], array( 'none', array(), false ), true ) ) { $orderby = ''; } elseif ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['orderby'] ) ) { $ordersby = is_array( $this->query_vars['orderby'] ) ? $this->query_vars['orderby'] : preg_split( '/[,\s]/', $this->query_vars['orderby'] ); $orderby_array = array(); $found_orderby_comment_id = false; foreach ( $ordersby as $_key => $_value ) { if ( ! $_value ) { continue; } if ( is_int( $_key ) ) { $_orderby = $_value; $_order = $order; } else { $_orderby = $_key; $_order = $_value; } if ( ! $found_orderby_comment_id && in_array( $_orderby, array( 'comment_ID', 'comment__in' ), true ) ) { $found_orderby_comment_id = true; } $parsed = $this->parse_orderby( $_orderby ); if ( ! $parsed ) { continue; } if ( 'comment__in' === $_orderby ) { $orderby_array[] = $parsed; continue; } $orderby_array[] = $parsed . ' ' . $this->parse_order( $_order ); } // If no valid clauses were found, order by comment_date_gmt. if ( empty( $orderby_array ) ) { $orderby_array[] = "$wpdb->comments.comment_date_gmt $order"; } // To ensure determinate sorting, always include a comment_ID clause. if ( ! $found_orderby_comment_id ) { $comment_id_order = ''; // Inherit order from comment_date or comment_date_gmt, if available. foreach ( $orderby_array as $orderby_clause ) { if ( preg_match( '/comment_date(?:_gmt)*\ (ASC|DESC)/', $orderby_clause, $match ) ) { $comment_id_order = $match[1]; break; } } // If no date-related order is available, use the date from the first available clause. if ( ! $comment_id_order ) { foreach ( $orderby_array as $orderby_clause ) { if ( str_contains( 'ASC', $orderby_clause ) ) { $comment_id_order = 'ASC'; } else { $comment_id_order = 'DESC'; } break; } } // Default to DESC. if ( ! $comment_id_order ) { $comment_id_order = 'DESC'; } $orderby_array[] = "$wpdb->comments.comment_ID $comment_id_order"; } $orderby = implode( ', ', $orderby_array ); } else { $orderby = "$wpdb->comments.comment_date_gmt $order"; } $number = absint( $this->query_vars['number'] ); $offset = absint( $this->query_vars['offset'] ); $paged = absint( $this->query_vars['paged'] ); $limits = ''; if ( ! empty( $number ) ) { if ( $offset ) { $limits = 'LIMIT ' . $offset . ',' . $number; } else { $limits = 'LIMIT ' . ( $number * ( $paged - 1 ) ) . ',' . $number; } } if ( $this->query_vars['count'] ) { $fields = 'COUNT(*)'; } else { $fields = "$wpdb->comments.comment_ID"; } $post_id = absint( $this->query_vars['post_id'] ); if ( ! empty( $post_id ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['post_id'] = $wpdb->prepare( 'comment_post_ID = %d', $post_id ); } // Parse comment IDs for an IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['comment__in'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['comment__in'] = "$wpdb->comments.comment_ID IN ( " . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['comment__in'] ) ) . ' )'; } // Parse comment IDs for a NOT IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['comment__not_in'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['comment__not_in'] = "$wpdb->comments.comment_ID NOT IN ( " . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['comment__not_in'] ) ) . ' )'; } // Parse comment parent IDs for an IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['parent__in'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['parent__in'] = 'comment_parent IN ( ' . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['parent__in'] ) ) . ' )'; } // Parse comment parent IDs for a NOT IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['parent__not_in'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['parent__not_in'] = 'comment_parent NOT IN ( ' . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['parent__not_in'] ) ) . ' )'; } // Parse comment post IDs for an IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['post__in'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['post__in'] = 'comment_post_ID IN ( ' . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['post__in'] ) ) . ' )'; } // Parse comment post IDs for a NOT IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['post__not_in'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['post__not_in'] = 'comment_post_ID NOT IN ( ' . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['post__not_in'] ) ) . ' )'; } if ( '' !== $this->query_vars['author_email'] ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['author_email'] = $wpdb->prepare( 'comment_author_email = %s', $this->query_vars['author_email'] ); } if ( '' !== $this->query_vars['author_url'] ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['author_url'] = $wpdb->prepare( 'comment_author_url = %s', $this->query_vars['author_url'] ); } if ( '' !== $this->query_vars['karma'] ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['karma'] = $wpdb->prepare( 'comment_karma = %d', $this->query_vars['karma'] ); } // Filtering by comment_type: 'type', 'type__in', 'type__not_in'. $raw_types = array( 'IN' => array_merge( (array) $this->query_vars['type'], (array) $this->query_vars['type__in'] ), 'NOT IN' => (array) $this->query_vars['type__not_in'], ); $comment_types = array(); foreach ( $raw_types as $operator => $_raw_types ) { $_raw_types = array_unique( $_raw_types ); foreach ( $_raw_types as $type ) { switch ( $type ) { // An empty translates to 'all', for backward compatibility. case '': case 'all': break; case 'comment': case 'comments': $comment_types[ $operator ][] = "''"; $comment_types[ $operator ][] = "'comment'"; break; case 'pings': $comment_types[ $operator ][] = "'pingback'"; $comment_types[ $operator ][] = "'trackback'"; break; default: $comment_types[ $operator ][] = $wpdb->prepare( '%s', $type ); break; } } if ( ! empty( $comment_types[ $operator ] ) ) { $types_sql = implode( ', ', $comment_types[ $operator ] ); $this->sql_clauses['where'][ 'comment_type__' . strtolower( str_replace( ' ', '_', $operator ) ) ] = "comment_type $operator ($types_sql)"; } } $parent = $this->query_vars['parent']; if ( $this->query_vars['hierarchical'] && ! $parent ) { $parent = 0; } if ( '' !== $parent ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['parent'] = $wpdb->prepare( 'comment_parent = %d', $parent ); } if ( is_array( $this->query_vars['user_id'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['user_id'] = 'user_id IN (' . implode( ',', array_map( 'absint', $this->query_vars['user_id'] ) ) . ')'; } elseif ( '' !== $this->query_vars['user_id'] ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['user_id'] = $wpdb->prepare( 'user_id = %d', $this->query_vars['user_id'] ); } // Falsey search strings are ignored. if ( isset( $this->query_vars['search'] ) && strlen( $this->query_vars['search'] ) ) { $search_sql = $this->get_search_sql( $this->query_vars['search'], array( 'comment_author', 'comment_author_email', 'comment_author_url', 'comment_author_IP', 'comment_content' ) ); // Strip leading 'AND'. $this->sql_clauses['where']['search'] = preg_replace( '/^\s*AND\s*/', '', $search_sql ); } // If any post-related query vars are passed, join the posts table. $join_posts_table = false; $plucked = wp_array_slice_assoc( $this->query_vars, array( 'post_author', 'post_name', 'post_parent' ) ); $post_fields = array_filter( $plucked ); if ( ! empty( $post_fields ) ) { $join_posts_table = true; foreach ( $post_fields as $field_name => $field_value ) { // $field_value may be an array. $esses = array_fill( 0, count( (array) $field_value ), '%s' ); // phpcs:ignore WordPress.DB.PreparedSQLPlaceholders.UnfinishedPrepare $this->sql_clauses['where'][ $field_name ] = $wpdb->prepare( " {$wpdb->posts}.{$field_name} IN (" . implode( ',', $esses ) . ')', $field_value ); } } // 'post_status' and 'post_type' are handled separately, due to the specialized behavior of 'any'. foreach ( array( 'post_status', 'post_type' ) as $field_name ) { $q_values = array(); if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars[ $field_name ] ) ) { $q_values = $this->query_vars[ $field_name ]; if ( ! is_array( $q_values ) ) { $q_values = explode( ',', $q_values ); } // 'any' will cause the query var to be ignored. if ( in_array( 'any', $q_values, true ) || empty( $q_values ) ) { continue; } $join_posts_table = true; $esses = array_fill( 0, count( $q_values ), '%s' ); // phpcs:ignore WordPress.DB.PreparedSQLPlaceholders.UnfinishedPrepare $this->sql_clauses['where'][ $field_name ] = $wpdb->prepare( " {$wpdb->posts}.{$field_name} IN (" . implode( ',', $esses ) . ')', $q_values ); } } // Comment author IDs for an IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['author__in'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['author__in'] = 'user_id IN ( ' . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['author__in'] ) ) . ' )'; } // Comment author IDs for a NOT IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['author__not_in'] ) ) { $this->sql_clauses['where']['author__not_in'] = 'user_id NOT IN ( ' . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['author__not_in'] ) ) . ' )'; } // Post author IDs for an IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['post_author__in'] ) ) { $join_posts_table = true; $this->sql_clauses['where']['post_author__in'] = 'post_author IN ( ' . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['post_author__in'] ) ) . ' )'; } // Post author IDs for a NOT IN clause. if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['post_author__not_in'] ) ) { $join_posts_table = true; $this->sql_clauses['where']['post_author__not_in'] = 'post_author NOT IN ( ' . implode( ',', wp_parse_id_list( $this->query_vars['post_author__not_in'] ) ) . ' )'; } $join = ''; $groupby = ''; if ( $join_posts_table ) { $join .= "JOIN $wpdb->posts ON $wpdb->posts.ID = $wpdb->comments.comment_post_ID"; } if ( ! empty( $this->meta_query_clauses ) ) { $join .= $this->meta_query_clauses['join']; // Strip leading 'AND'. $this->sql_clauses['where']['meta_query'] = preg_replace( '/^\s*AND\s*/', '', $this->meta_query_clauses['where'] ); if ( ! $this->query_vars['count'] ) { $groupby = "{$wpdb->comments}.comment_ID"; } } if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['date_query'] ) && is_array( $this->query_vars['date_query'] ) ) { $this->date_query = new WP_Date_Query( $this->query_vars['date_query'], 'comment_date' ); // Strip leading 'AND'. $this->sql_clauses['where']['date_query'] = preg_replace( '/^\s*AND\s*/', '', $this->date_query->get_sql() ); } $where = implode( ' AND ', $this->sql_clauses['where'] ); $pieces = array( 'fields', 'join', 'where', 'orderby', 'limits', 'groupby' ); /** * Filters the comment query clauses. * * @since 3.1.0 * * @param string[] $clauses An associative array of comment query clauses. * @param WP_Comment_Query $query Current instance of WP_Comment_Query (passed by reference). */ $clauses = apply_filters_ref_array( 'comments_clauses', array( compact( $pieces ), &$this ) ); $fields = isset( $clauses['fields'] ) ? $clauses['fields'] : ''; $join = isset( $clauses['join'] ) ? $clauses['join'] : ''; $where = isset( $clauses['where'] ) ? $clauses['where'] : ''; $orderby = isset( $clauses['orderby'] ) ? $clauses['orderby'] : ''; $limits = isset( $clauses['limits'] ) ? $clauses['limits'] : ''; $groupby = isset( $clauses['groupby'] ) ? $clauses['groupby'] : ''; $this->filtered_where_clause = $where; if ( $where ) { $where = 'WHERE ' . $where; } if ( $groupby ) { $groupby = 'GROUP BY ' . $groupby; } if ( $orderby ) { $orderby = "ORDER BY $orderby"; } $found_rows = ''; if ( ! $this->query_vars['no_found_rows'] ) { $found_rows = 'SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS'; } $this->sql_clauses['select'] = "SELECT $found_rows $fields"; $this->sql_clauses['from'] = "FROM $wpdb->comments $join"; $this->sql_clauses['groupby'] = $groupby; $this->sql_clauses['orderby'] = $orderby; $this->sql_clauses['limits'] = $limits; // Beginning of the string is on a new line to prevent leading whitespace. See https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/56841. $this->request = "{$this->sql_clauses['select']} {$this->sql_clauses['from']} {$where} {$this->sql_clauses['groupby']} {$this->sql_clauses['orderby']} {$this->sql_clauses['limits']}"; if ( $this->query_vars['count'] ) { return (int) $wpdb->get_var( $this->request ); } else { $comment_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $this->request ); return array_map( 'intval', $comment_ids ); } } /** * Populates found_comments and max_num_pages properties for the current * query if the limit clause was used. * * @since 4.6.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. */ private function set_found_comments() { global $wpdb; if ( $this->query_vars['number'] && ! $this->query_vars['no_found_rows'] ) { /** * Filters the query used to retrieve found comment count. * * @since 4.4.0 * * @param string $found_comments_query SQL query. Default 'SELECT FOUND_ROWS()'. * @param WP_Comment_Query $comment_query The `WP_Comment_Query` instance. */ $found_comments_query = apply_filters( 'found_comments_query', 'SELECT FOUND_ROWS()', $this ); $this->found_comments = (int) $wpdb->get_var( $found_comments_query ); } } /** * Fetch descendants for located comments. * * Instead of calling `get_children()` separately on each child comment, we do a single set of queries to fetch * the descendant trees for all matched top-level comments. * * @since 4.4.0 * * @param WP_Comment[] $comments Array of top-level comments whose descendants should be filled in. * @return array */ protected function fill_descendants( $comments ) { $levels = array( 0 => wp_list_pluck( $comments, 'comment_ID' ), ); $key = md5( serialize( wp_array_slice_assoc( $this->query_vars, array_keys( $this->query_var_defaults ) ) ) ); $last_changed = wp_cache_get_last_changed( 'comment' ); // Fetch an entire level of the descendant tree at a time. $level = 0; $exclude_keys = array( 'parent', 'parent__in', 'parent__not_in' ); do { // Parent-child relationships may be cached. Only query for those that are not. $child_ids = array(); $uncached_parent_ids = array(); $_parent_ids = $levels[ $level ]; if ( $_parent_ids ) { $cache_keys = array(); foreach ( $_parent_ids as $parent_id ) { $cache_keys[ $parent_id ] = "get_comment_child_ids:$parent_id:$key:$last_changed"; } $cache_data = wp_cache_get_multiple( array_values( $cache_keys ), 'comment-queries' ); foreach ( $_parent_ids as $parent_id ) { $parent_child_ids = $cache_data[ $cache_keys[ $parent_id ] ]; if ( false !== $parent_child_ids ) { $child_ids = array_merge( $child_ids, $parent_child_ids ); } else { $uncached_parent_ids[] = $parent_id; } } } if ( $uncached_parent_ids ) { // Fetch this level of comments. $parent_query_args = $this->query_vars; foreach ( $exclude_keys as $exclude_key ) { $parent_query_args[ $exclude_key ] = ''; } $parent_query_args['parent__in'] = $uncached_parent_ids; $parent_query_args['no_found_rows'] = true; $parent_query_args['hierarchical'] = false; $parent_query_args['offset'] = 0; $parent_query_args['number'] = 0; $level_comments = get_comments( $parent_query_args ); // Cache parent-child relationships. $parent_map = array_fill_keys( $uncached_parent_ids, array() ); foreach ( $level_comments as $level_comment ) { $parent_map[ $level_comment->comment_parent ][] = $level_comment->comment_ID; $child_ids[] = $level_comment->comment_ID; } $data = array(); foreach ( $parent_map as $parent_id => $children ) { $cache_key = "get_comment_child_ids:$parent_id:$key:$last_changed"; $data[ $cache_key ] = $children; } wp_cache_set_multiple( $data, 'comment-queries' ); } ++$level; $levels[ $level ] = $child_ids; } while ( $child_ids ); // Prime comment caches for non-top-level comments. $descendant_ids = array(); for ( $i = 1, $c = count( $levels ); $i < $c; $i++ ) { $descendant_ids = array_merge( $descendant_ids, $levels[ $i ] ); } _prime_comment_caches( $descendant_ids, $this->query_vars['update_comment_meta_cache'] ); // Assemble a flat array of all comments + descendants. $all_comments = $comments; foreach ( $descendant_ids as $descendant_id ) { $all_comments[] = get_comment( $descendant_id ); } // If a threaded representation was requested, build the tree. if ( 'threaded' === $this->query_vars['hierarchical'] ) { $threaded_comments = array(); $ref = array(); foreach ( $all_comments as $k => $c ) { $_c = get_comment( $c->comment_ID ); // If the comment isn't in the reference array, it goes in the top level of the thread. if ( ! isset( $ref[ $c->comment_parent ] ) ) { $threaded_comments[ $_c->comment_ID ] = $_c; $ref[ $_c->comment_ID ] = $threaded_comments[ $_c->comment_ID ]; // Otherwise, set it as a child of its parent. } else { $ref[ $_c->comment_parent ]->add_child( $_c ); $ref[ $_c->comment_ID ] = $ref[ $_c->comment_parent ]->get_child( $_c->comment_ID ); } } // Set the 'populated_children' flag, to ensure additional database queries aren't run. foreach ( $ref as $_ref ) { $_ref->populated_children( true ); } $comments = $threaded_comments; } else { $comments = $all_comments; } return $comments; } /** * Used internally to generate an SQL string for searching across multiple columns. * * @since 3.1.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. * * @param string $search Search string. * @param string[] $columns Array of columns to search. * @return string Search SQL. */ protected function get_search_sql( $search, $columns ) { global $wpdb; $like = '%' . $wpdb->esc_like( $search ) . '%'; $searches = array(); foreach ( $columns as $column ) { $searches[] = $wpdb->prepare( "$column LIKE %s", $like ); } return ' AND (' . implode( ' OR ', $searches ) . ')'; } /** * Parse and sanitize 'orderby' keys passed to the comment query. * * @since 4.2.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. * * @param string $orderby Alias for the field to order by. * @return string|false Value to used in the ORDER clause. False otherwise. */ protected function parse_orderby( $orderby ) { global $wpdb; $allowed_keys = array( 'comment_agent', 'comment_approved', 'comment_author', 'comment_author_email', 'comment_author_IP', 'comment_author_url', 'comment_content', 'comment_date', 'comment_date_gmt', 'comment_ID', 'comment_karma', 'comment_parent', 'comment_post_ID', 'comment_type', 'user_id', ); if ( ! empty( $this->query_vars['meta_key'] ) ) { $allowed_keys[] = $this->query_vars['meta_key']; $allowed_keys[] = 'meta_value'; $allowed_keys[] = 'meta_value_num'; } $meta_query_clauses = $this->meta_query->get_clauses(); if ( $meta_query_clauses ) { $allowed_keys = array_merge( $allowed_keys, array_keys( $meta_query_clauses ) ); } $parsed = false; if ( $this->query_vars['meta_key'] === $orderby || 'meta_value' === $orderby ) { $parsed = "$wpdb->commentmeta.meta_value"; } elseif ( 'meta_value_num' === $orderby ) { $parsed = "$wpdb->commentmeta.meta_value+0"; } elseif ( 'comment__in' === $orderby ) { $comment__in = implode( ',', array_map( 'absint', $this->query_vars['comment__in'] ) ); $parsed = "FIELD( {$wpdb->comments}.comment_ID, $comment__in )"; } elseif ( in_array( $orderby, $allowed_keys, true ) ) { if ( isset( $meta_query_clauses[ $orderby ] ) ) { $meta_clause = $meta_query_clauses[ $orderby ]; $parsed = sprintf( 'CAST(%s.meta_value AS %s)', esc_sql( $meta_clause['alias'] ), esc_sql( $meta_clause['cast'] ) ); } else { $parsed = "$wpdb->comments.$orderby"; } } return $parsed; } /** * Parse an 'order' query variable and cast it to ASC or DESC as necessary. * * @since 4.2.0 * * @param string $order The 'order' query variable. * @return string The sanitized 'order' query variable. */ protected function parse_order( $order ) { if ( ! is_string( $order ) || empty( $order ) ) { return 'DESC'; } if ( 'ASC' === strtoupper( $order ) ) { return 'ASC'; } else { return 'DESC'; } } } Real Time Data Processing: Understanding Data Processing And Analytics – Jacob Morrish

Introduction

Data is the new oil, and every business is becoming a data-driven business. The data science revolution has brought about many breakthroughs in different fields of study. Companies are constantly looking for ways to improve their performance by analyzing their huge data sets. This article discusses real time processing and the role it plays in the world of big data analytics.

Big Data

Big data is a collection of data that has grown beyond the ability of current software tools to capture, store, manage, and analyze. It can be structured or unstructured. Big data is usually stored in a NoSQL database (a type of database designed for storing large volumes of structured and semi-structured data) because it can hold more information than traditional relational databases.

Big data refers to large sets of information generated from many different sources – including social media posts, mobile phone GPS locations, sensors on machines in manufacturing plants and much more – that must be analyzed quickly in order to make decisions based on it.

Real Time Processing

Real time processing is the ability to analyze data in real time. This is different than real time analytics, which refers to the ability to use historical data for analysis.

Real time data processing is a subset of real-time processing and refers to the ability to perform complex calculations on incoming data as it arrives from various sources like IoT devices or web services.

Data Analytics

Data analytics is the ability to analyze data in real time. It’s a subset of big data, which itself is a subset of real time processing (RTSP).

Data analytics is useful for many things, including:

  • Making predictions about future events based on historical data analysis and current conditions; for example, predicting when your supply chain will run out of inventory or whether customers will buy new products from you based on their previous purchases.
  • Finding patterns in large sets of unstructured information that could help you improve business processes; for example, finding keywords used by potential clients online so that sales reps can target them with personalized offers more effectively than competitors do

Real time data processing is the ability to analyze data in real time.

Real time data processing is the ability to analyze data in real time. It’s used to detect fraud, predict customer behavior and market behavior.

Conclusion

Real time data processing is the ability to analyze data in real time. This means that you can use your analytics software to make decisions on how to act on information as it’s coming in, rather than after the fact when it might no longer be useful or relevant.